The National Pinacoteca in Siena
Prenota il Sangallo Park Hotel e scopri la Pinacoteca Nazionale
The important collection of masterpieces of Sienese painting of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, exhibited in the Pinacoteca Nazionale of Siena, has survived to this day thanks to the valuable work of conservation of the Abbot Joseph Ciaccheri, who, already in the eighteenth century, collected what has become, after various historical events, the core of the exhibition. Among the masterpieces on display, there are fundamental cornerstones of the fourteenth-century art. In the rooms on the second floor you can admire the carved altars of Duccio and the precious and elegant Madonna of the Franciscans, the refined tables of Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi's brother, the most impressive panels of Pietro and Ambrogio Lorenzetti. The rooms devoted to painting of the fifteenth century display paintings by Giovanni di Paolo Neroccio, Bartolomeo Landi, Francesco di Giorgio Martini and Matteo di Giovanni. The two panels representing A City on the Sea and the Castle along the Lake, are attributed to Sassetta. There are also artworks by Sodoma, Beccafumi and Pinturicchio. The bright hall of sculptures, holding an important series of stone carvings and sculptures of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, opens its large windows on a beautiful view of the rooftops of Siena. The Sienese paintings of the seventeenth century are an almost complete overview of the artistic culture of that period, with works by Francesco Vanni, Rutilio Manetti, Niccolo Tornioli, Bernardino Mei. On the third floor there are paintings from the Spannocchi Collection, with artworks from northern Italy, and Flemish, German and Dutch painters. Standing out among the many masterpieces, Saint Jerome by Albrecht Dürer and the Nativity by Lorenzo Lotto. The Gallery has exhibition rooms in Palazzo Brigidi and Palazzo Buonsignori, once residences of two of Siena's most important families during the Middle Ages.
Brigidi Palace, located next to the churchyard of St. Peter, is older than Palazzo Buonsignori: was built in the fourteenth century and it is usually identified as the former residence of the family Pannocchieschi. Over the centuries, it has retained its original shape. The Pannocchieschi were a medieval noble family of the Maremma, probably of Lombard origin. The Counts Pannocchieschi became important at the beginning of the twelfth century in the territory of Volterra. At the beginning of the thirteenth century they were based in the territories of the Maremma, handling the exploitation of mineral resources of copper and silver deposits. In the House of Pannocchieschi were born several bishops of the diocese of Volterra. Nello die Pannocchieschi was the husband of Pia de 'Tolomei. According to tradition, quoted by Dante Alighieri in the fifth canto of Purgatory, he would kill his wife to marry Margaret Aldobrandeschi.
The Palazzo Buonsignori is a fifteenth century building with an imposing red brick facade. It was completely restored in the nineteenth century in neo-Gothic style, inspired by the Palazzo Pubblico. The Buongignori were a Sienese rich family of ancient feudal nobility. They founded the "Great Table of Bonsignori", the most powerful organization of the European banking during the 12th century. Like other banking companies in Siena, it started as a family, the original nucleus of a larger company, which reached its heyday around 1260.
Link al sito ufficiale: www.pinacotecanazionale.siena.it